CLIO 7 (1) - page 14

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most like have had a leader or ‘chief’. Therefore,
there was most likely some fashion of hierarchy.
This could already allude to a stark adjustment of
purpose, having to address the maintenance of
balance in society rather than raw efficiency. The
core of Neolithic crime and punishment would be to
tackle the logistics of 'contemporary' assets such as
territory and farms, which could (if poorly managed
or inexplicably harmed) have easily encountered
total dissolution due to their versatility and vulner-
ability. Previous wrongdoings had become actual
regulation of a cyclic civilisation, keeping what
was already owned rather than leave behind those
who would not strive or collude to survive. Unfor-
tunately, this begot a decline in egalitarian groups,
tightly-knit societies simply not producing what a
stratified, organised agriculture could. Individual
sanctions could still be placed, however, the actual
function of apprehension and prosecution was still
subjective (even if the seemingly idealistic commu-
nal decision making was long forgotten). Excluding
the inflated importance of any ruler, a felony would
be examined, evaluated, and fitting repercussions
executed, a facsimile of a Palaeolithic judiciary.
Nevertheless, the introduction of structure in a
community could be held as the first appearance
of an actual judicial variable, incorporating needed
organisation and detail previously lacking in overly
fluid bands. This automisation soon exacerbated.
Succeeding the harsh climate of Neolithic
agriculture territories, the previously fluid inter-
pretations of crime and punishment were codified
and solidified. Found in the remnants of Nippur
and Sippar, one of the oldest Sumerian cities and
a Babylonian ruin, the Code of Ur-Nammu is pre-
sumably the oldest written code of law that has
been unearthed, even predating Hammurabi's
renowned constitution 300 years later. The coming
of reported allowed for magnified rigour both in the
procedure and exact articles of collective disci-
pline. Exact summations and repercussions could
now be attributed to particular attributes of social
properties, relinquishing the soon obsolete 'catho-
lic' causes and effects. The Code of Ur-Nammu
contains 57 laws, of which 30 have been restored,
which, while still focusing on fundamental appara-
tus of necessities like crops and water, as civilisation
Talheim Death Pit,circa 5000 BC found inTalheim, Germany
1...,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13 15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,...64
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