CLIO 7 (1) - page 13

However, it is signified that even the wounded were
catered, as their wisdom of survival would prove
invaluable for a society in overcoming dangers that
would otherwise persist for millennia. In fact, the
only people subject to social chastisement would
be those who disturbed the peace, whether mur-
dering fellow hunters or avariciously hoard precious
nourishment, often having some style of psychop-
athy. Such offenders would be removed from the
community equation, whether by exile or death.
This could be considered the first example of simple
crime and punishment, direct cause and effect. This
is the foundation from which all law has unravelled.
The first human crime.
At this point, anything is still hard to say
for certain. If true analysis of those societies was
able to be conducted, it would have been done so
already. During the Mesolithic and late Palaeolithic
periods, from between 20,000BC and 3,600BC, hu-
manity was transitioning from nomadic hunting to
territorial agriculture, beginning to cultivate crops
in specific areas as well as domesticate and breed
local animals. This technique was widely success-
ful in countering the previous, rationed existence,
supplying each society with a reliable source of
sustenance, however certain undesirable side-ef-
fects ensued. Not only would the production of
livestock lead to competition between farmers and
subsequent disparity of wealth, but suddenly tribes
or social bands would have to manage and defend
their own farmland territory, against both avari-
cious rivals and desperate nomads. The island of Te-
viec and the Talheim Death Pit are both prominent
examples of this potential Neolithic bloodshed. Sit-
uated in the region of Talheim, Germany, the death
pit is perhaps the first instance of faction conflict.
In the tomb, 34 wounded skeletons were discard-
ed, consisting of 9 men, 7 women and 16 children,
which suggests that this occurrence was either one
social group being ambushed by another for their
property, or that perhaps these people had been
persecuted or punished for an unknown reason?
This theory operates in conjunction with the mend-
ing traumas to the cranial area on each corpse,
which indicates physical punishment preceding
the executions. Though disputed, I believe that this
event could not have been an act of linear warfare,
as the only conceivably hazardous tools would be
used hunting or reaping, with distinct weapons not
being introduced to this area for another 500 years
or so.Such a harsh environment instigated defen-
sive measures, and examples of crude walls, ditches
and even strongholds appear all over Europe at this
time. As suggested by other historians, the work-
force required to construct such complexes would
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