CLIO FINAL - page 14

AfterWorldWar two a huge process of de-
colonisation began across the globe, in which Brit-
ain began to grant independence to all of its major
colonies - most notably in India. However, Britain’s
grant of India’s independence was primarily out of
Despite there being uprisings and conflicts
within India throughout the whole of the British oc-
cupation, it wasn’t until Ghandi’s social efforts in the
1920’s that a vision of India’s independence became
popular amongst ordinary people. Ghandi started
a movement known as “Swadeshi” where many
people were encouraged to boycott British products
in a non – violent way. The Swadeshi movement was
aimed to remove the British Empire from power and
develop Indian nationalism. Ghandi became very
popular and his momentum peaked duringWorld
War Two, which forced the British to recognise the
significance of the Swadeshi movement. Further-
more, Britain’s economic and human resources were
becoming increasingly strained because of the war
effort, and they could scarcely afford to support their
own military; let alone contain the freedommove-
ments in their colonies. It was because of this finan-
cial insecurity that Britain was ultimately forced to
realise that they had to leave India.
The Decolonisation
Hindus and Muslims had once shared tra-
ditions and cultural mixing took place across the
whole subcontinent, and although many people
will blame the partition for the breakdown of
these shared traditions, others such as Patrick
French in “Liberty or Death” show how much
came down to personal rivalries within politics.
Jinnah – the leader of the Muslim League – once
strove to join his party with the Hindu-dominat-
ed Congress Party – of whom the most promi-
nent leaders were Ghandi and Nehru. However,
after the FirstWorldWar mutual dislike grew
between the two different parties’ leaders as
Jinnah felt shadowed by Ghandi and Nehru, and
strongly disagreed with their policy of mixing re-
ligion with politics. Violence on the streets began
to break out by the end of the SecondWorldWar
and officials provoked riots and uprisings, so that
by 1947 the violence between Muslims and Hin-
dus had spiralled beyond control. As the violence
escalated and number of causalities increased,
the Congress party leaders saw partition as the
only way out, an idea suggested much earlier on
of India
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