The Latymer School History Magazine - page 4

In my opinion, Charles
Darwin is the person who has
most influenced and
changed society’s views
about the creation of the
world and life within it. His
theory of evolution through
natural selection, as he laid
out in one of his books
On
the Origin of Species
,
permeates our thinking to
such an extent that it is hard
to imagine a world without
this commonly held view.
Whilst some fundamentalist
religious groups, such as
Christians and conservative
Muslims still dispute Darwin’s
theory, his ideas are
generally accepted and have
been confirmed by
scientific studies. As
recently as the early
21st century,
objection arouse to
the teaching of
evolution in Kansas
schools. This was
reported in the
Cincinnati enquirer
(2002). “Unlike past
creationist
arguments which
sought to abolish
the teaching of
evolution altogether,
this argument makes
the weaker claim
that evolution, being
controversial, should
be presented
alongside other,
alternative views
and students should
be allowed to
evaluate and choose
between the options
on their own.” In this
article I am going to
explain Charles
Darwin’s theory and
the different
reactions it received.
Darwin’s Environment -
Darwin built on the work
already being undertaken by
other scientists in the area of
evolution, like his
grandfather, Erasmus Darwin
(1731-1802), his father,
Robert Darwin (1766-1848),
and Sir Charles Lyell (1797–
1875). He lived in an
extremely scientific family,
with many working as
naturalists and biologists. I
believe that this influenced
his development and interest
in nature and biology. In a
way, there are links with his
own life’s work regarding the
interplay between animal
and environment, the
importance of the
environment and its changes
on a species and evolution.
Charles Darwin proved that
animal and plant species
were intimately connected
with their environment and
would change if put into a
new environment or if the
habitat changed, for
example if the climate
temperature increased or
decreased.
The start of his career –
Following on from all the
influences of his own very
scientific family in 1826,
when he was only seventeen
years old, he met with Dr
Robert Grant, a keen
naturalist who examined
marine animals. Some argue
that this is the moment that
sparked his obsession with
animals. Darwin's first
voyage abroad to study
nature was in 1831 and
lasted 1,740 days until early
October 1837. This was the
first obvious sign that Darwin
was dedicated to naturalism
and it was not simply a
hobby. As he built his
collection of samples, he
became more interested in
the evolutionary processes.
The Controversy of ‘On the
Origin of Species’- Charles
Darwin’s theory of evolution
by natural selection explains
how living creatures adapt
and evolve into different
species according to the
varying environments which
they inhabit. He defined
natural selection as a
“principle by which each
slight variation [of a trait], if
DARWIN: REVOLUTIONISING THE
VIEWS OF THE WORLD
By Ollie Shribman- Hollings- Year 8
1
1,2,3 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,...48
Powered by FlippingBook